Manitoba has diverse environments that contain a variety of habitats. The Canadian Shield covers much of the northern part of the province, with many lakes, forests, bogs and wetlands. The southwest contains mostly agricultural land used for raising cattle and crops. Manitoba’s largest crops are wheat, canola and soybeans.
Indigenous people in Manitoba continue to fish, hunt and trap. Southern communities, such as the Swan Lake First Nation, have also added farming to their economies. Indigenous tourism initiatives operate across the province. Small fur-bearers like wolves, foxes and marten supply Canada’s fur industry. Indigenous trappers, in particular, contribute to this fur supply.
Did you know?
In 1970, Manitoba Hydro flooded the traditional lands of the Fox Lake Cree Nation at the Kettle Generating Station near the town of Gillam without consulting the community. Community members and scholars have argued that in Fox Lake, as well as in the Chemawawin Cree Nation, dam projects hurt social cohesion, disrupted traditional economies and flooded burial grounds. In the case of Chemawawin, the community had to relocate entirely.