Scallop is a bivalve (hinged shell) mollusc of suborder Pectinina. Scallops are found in all seas. Their rounded or fan-shaped shells are among the most beautiful and colourful of mollusc shells. Larger species are fished worldwide. Scallops usually lie free on the bottom, or may be attached to a solid object by byssal threads (tough filaments secreted by the scallop) or cementlike substance. Many species are present in all Canadian seas, but only sea scallops (Placopecten magellanicus) occur in sufficient numbers to be trawled off the East Coast. Weathervane scallops (Patinopecten caurinus) are sporadically present on the West Coast but are usually too scarce to fish. Other species, taken recreationally on the Pacific coast, include red scallop (Chlamys rubida) and large rock scallop (Hinnites giganteus). Iceland scallop (C. islandica) is taken in small numbers on the East Coast.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Bernard, Frank R.. "Scallop". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 04 March 2015, Historica Canada. www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/scallop. Accessed 24 September 2023.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Bernard, F. (2015). Scallop. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/scallop
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Bernard, Frank R.. "Scallop." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published August 11, 2008; Last Edited March 04, 2015.
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Scallop," by Frank R. Bernard, Accessed September 24, 2023, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/scallop
Article by Frank R. Bernard
Published Online August 11, 2008
Last Edited March 4, 2015