In the 1960s attempts to resettle Fogo Island were countered by a movement toward rural development aided by the National Film Board of Canada, whose short documentaries helped to unite residents, crossing traditional social, cultural and religious lines. The "Fogo Process," the interactive use of film and videotape to foster community awareness and identity, is now used for the same purpose in underdeveloped countries. In Fogo, resettlement was abandoned, a fishermen's cooperative was founded, educational facilities were integrated, and a near-shore, long-liner fishery was developed.
From the early 1990s with the downturn in the fishery, Fogo Island has, and is continuing, to promote its tourist attractions such as museums, hiking trails to abandoned settlements, icebergs, whales and the outport way of life. Brimstone Head, a prominent landmark in the town of Fogo, has been proclaimed by the Flat Earth Society as one of the 4 corners of the Earth.