Bowmanville, Ont, Urban Community. Bowmanville is located 25 km east of Toronto on Highway 401. Originally called Darlington Mills, it was renamed in the 1830s after Charles Bowman, the principal landowner. Bowmanville was incorporated as a village in 1852 and as a town in 1857. In January 1974, Bowmanville became part of the town of Newcastle (now Clarington) in the new Regional Municipality of Durham.
Home of diverse manufacturers in the 19th century, the community now serves as a dormitory for Toronto and Oshawa. In the Second World War a local boys' reformatory housed a prisoner-of-war camp. When German prisoners were handcuffed in retaliation for the cuffing of Canadians taken at Dieppe, a riot ensued that is known locally as the Battle of Bowmanville.