The Calder case (1973) — named for politician and Nisga’a chief Frank Calder,
who brought the case before the courts — reviewed the existence of Aboriginal title (i.e., ownership) claimed over lands historically occupied by the Nisga’a peoples of northwestern
British Columbia. While the case was lost, the Supreme Court of Canada’s ruling nevertheless
recognized for the first time that Aboriginal title has a place in Canadian law. The Calder case (also known as Calder et al. v. Attorney General of British Columbia) is considered the foundation for the Nisga’a Treaty in 2000 — the first modern
land claim in British Columbia that gave the Nisga’a people self-government.