High School (Secondary School)
The term "high school" applies to the academic institution that follows elementary school. The term "secondary school" is often used as an alternative term. High schools prepare students for post-secondary education and training or employment after graduation. Provincial Ministries of Education govern the policies and programs of all publicly funded high schools. Therefore, there can be substantial differences in curricula, grading and programs among provinces. Because the elementary grades have varied from province to province over the decades, high schools have included grades 7 to 13. High schools vary in type (academic, vocational, technical, composite) and may be public (free) or private (fee-charging). Pre-1850, high schools were distinct from common schools as a place for the sons of the elite as fees and entrance exams were used to restrict entry, but by the late 19th century public schools became open and free to all children who had completed elementary education. As a result, the diversity of programs and variety of courses offered has increased markedly.
See alsoSECONDARY EDUCATION.