Craig Kielburger, CM, social entrepreneur, author, speaker (born 17 December 1982 in Toronto, ON). Craig Kielburger is best known for his activism as a young teenager and his work co-founding and leading ME to WE with his brother, Marc. ME to We is a business that links purchases to global social and economic development. Kielburger also founded WE Charity (formerly Free the Children), which focuses particularly on youth education and mobilization. Much of his work revolves around a conviction that youth are fundamental to creating systemic change.
Early Life and Education
Craig Kielburger is the second son of two teachers, Fred and Theresa Kielburger. He was raised in Thornhill, Ontario, a community just north of Toronto. By his high school years, he had already become a dedicated and high-profile children’s rights activist. In 2002, Kielburger coupled his charitable initiatives with university, entering the University of Toronto’s Peace and Conflict Studies program. In 2009, he was the youngest to ever graduate from the Kellogg-Schulich Executive MBA program at York University.
Free the Children
In 1995, Craig Kielburger read a newspaper article about the murder of 12-year-old Iqbal Masih, a formerly enslaved Pakistani boy, who became an activist against child labour following his escape from forced labour. Some early reports suggested Masih was assassinated for his activism. “It really upset me,” Kielburger said. “What did the two of us have in common except our age?” He learned that Masih’s story was just one example of child labour and was so moved by the systemic injustice that he rallied some of his classmates to launch Free the Children, a youth-led advocacy group that sought to draw attention to child labour. While it later emerged that Masih may have been killed under different circumstances, Kielburger’s interest in rescuing children from slavery remained unchanged. According to Kielburger, he was driven by a conviction that youth should be participants in issues that affect them, rather than allowing adults to speak for them. The idea of children helping children, tapping into the idealism and enthusiasm of children to create social change, remains fundamental to Kielburger’s ethos.
“Children have an innate ability to feel suffering and injustice and to be far more emotional in their feelings,” he said. “They haven't accepted certain social norms, like there will always be poverty. The child who says, ‘This child is hungry; let's feed them,’ might sound naïve to an adult. In fact, that’s a compassionate, logical, very well thought of response. To say that we can end poverty in our world isn't naïve; it’s idealistic. But young people need to be shamelessly idealistic in our world because it’s the only way things will change.”
The organization’s first substantial action was a 3,000-signature petition calling for the release of child labour activist Kailash Satyarthi that was sent to the prime minister of India. Kielburger and his peers gave speeches about child labour at schools, churches and community groups (see Kielburger’s Campaign). Public attention grew after he impressed during a speech before the Ontario Federation of Labour, leading to $150,000 in donations to Free the Children.
It Takes a Child — A Journey into Child Labour
Craig Kielburger wanted to visit the countries he spoke about. With guidance and substantial assistance from activist and university student Alam Rahman, and letters of support from various human rights organizations, Kielburger and his family plotted out a seven-week trip covering cities in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Thailand and Bangladesh. He travelled over the winter of 1995–96.
On his trip, Kielburger met with child labourers and human rights organizations — experiences he later chronicled in his book Free the Children (1998), written with Kevin Major. The book also describes how Kielburger met with Jean Chrétien while the Prime Minister was in the region on a trade mission (see International Trade). During their 15-minute encounter, Kielburger encouraged Chrétien to commit to adding child labour to his trade talk agenda, and to pressure North American companies to stop trading with businesses that relied on child labour. The book also details his encounter with Mother Theresa in her mission house in Calcutta, an encounter of great meaning to the devout Kielburger (see Catholicism).
Upon his return, Kielburger became a media sensation. The well-spoken and earnest teenager had an interview on 60 Minutes, and fielded interview requests from news outlets around the world. Not all profiles were flattering. In November 1996, Saturday Night magazine ran a critical piece that, among other things, questioned the extent to which Kielburger was controlled by his parents, and suggested that Free the Children fundraising might be enriching the Kielburger family. The Kielburger family sued Saturday Night for libel. The magazine agreed to pay Kielburger $319,000 to settle the lawsuit in 2000 (see Defamation in Canada). Kielburger said he would use the funds to pay legal fees and give the remainder to Free the Children. One account of the incident alleged that the entire affair was the product of a society that disliked youth disrupting the status quo.
While Craig Kielburger attracted attention and praise for himself and Free the Children, the organization ran into financial difficulties as well as operational challenges. Free the Children had difficulty attracting large donations from major sponsors. Though Free the Children helped fund organizations that raided factories using child labour, Kielburger discovered that children were often compelled to return to the factories after the raids were over.
Marc Kielburger took on a larger role with the organization after completing his law degree at the University of Oxford, and the group focused more on attracting smaller donations from youth. As well, they redoubled their efforts towards training and education, focusing especially on building new schools in developing nations. The organization also received a substantial boost from Craig’s appearance on the Oprah Winfrey Show in 1999, which included a significant donation from Oprah herself.
Around the same time, Kielburger sought to increase corporate concern about child labour. He had returned to India in 1998, on a tour funded by a subsidiary of British American Tobacco. Craig was accompanied by other children, as well as Marc, and, on this and later tours, they sought to expose other people to the reality of child labour. From these tours, two important elements of their “Me to We” principles crystalized. One was the idea that corporations need to be involved in labour reform. The other was the conviction that sending abroad as many children as possible from developed countries (to learn about global conditions) fosters support for development.
Me to We
While studying at the University of Toronto, Craig Kielburger continued to serve as the public face of Free the Children, which continued to expand and open new schools.
In 2004, Craig and Marc publicized their guiding ideals in their book Me to We: Finding Meaning in a Material World. The book included contributions from such luminaries as Oprah Winfrey, Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Dr. Jane Goodall. The book articulated several core points of Free the Children’s “Me to We” philosophy, including the importance of community, the happiness derived from service, and the limitations of material gain. It drew on stories from their own experiences and from those of their volunteers and the people they met around the world. It sought to ground their philosophy in a broader spiritual context, partly reflecting the Kielburger brothers’ Catholic upbringing, and asserted that the “ethics of reciprocity” is universal among world religions. This Me to We perspective also became the focal point of the large youth rallies the brothers held, gathering children and encouraging them to participate in and lead charitable and community events.
Kielburger’s MBA studies reflected his interest in combining the tools of business with his broader aim of promoting educational and social development. This drive helped reshape his social enterprise, ME to WE, which operates on a for-profit basis through the sale of products linked to social and economic development. His ambition to connect the tools of corporate development with progressive change has brought some challenges, including reports of very long workdays from employees and accusations that WE Day rallies are excessively commercialized.
Kielburger continued to enjoy a prolific public presence. In 2010, he and his brother were Toronto torchbearers for the Vancouver Olympic Winter Games. He and Marc regularly contributed articles on socially conscious living to major newspapers in Canada. He and Marc continued to lead two related organizations: WE Charity (formerly Free the Children) and WE Day.
Canada Student Service Grant Controversy
In June 2020, the federal government selected WE Charity to run its $912 million Canada Student Service Grant (CSSG) program. Justin Trudeau’s Liberals created the CSSG program to support students and recent graduates facing limited job prospects during the COVID-19 pandemic . Craig Kielburger had been in contact with government offices to discuss student-oriented programs earlier in the year. The government asked Kielburger to put together a proposal to manage a program. The government’s choice of WE as partner drew criticism from opposition MPs. Critics expressed concern that the history of appearances by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and several of his family members at WE events may have influenced the decision to award WE the contract.
Though the charity stepped away from the contract in early July, the controversy deepened for the government and WE. Critics questioned why the WE Charity was awarded the sole-sourced contract over public service and why there did not appear to be a competitive process in granting the contract. In addition, more details emerged that pointed to possible conflicts of interest. It came to light that several members of the Trudeau family had been paid for speaking at WE events. WE Charity denied making any such payments, but later issued a public apology when payments were found to have been made by the charity. In their apology, the charity said that the cost of honorarium for speakers was meant to be paid by ME to WE Social Enterprise, but an error resulted in payments made by WE Charity. When the error was discovered, the WE Charity was reimbursed. Media also reported on ties between Finance Minister Bill Morneau’s family and WE. In the wake of these revelations, Trudeau and Morneau apologized for not recusing themselves from cabinet discussions about the CSSG contract.
Journalists continued to question the Kielburgers and their organizations after the WE Charity stepped away from the CSSG program. Observers focused on the distinction between the Kielburgers’ for-profit and charitable entities, as well as WE’s real estate holdings, then worth about $40 million. In remarks made before the House of Commons finance committee on 28 July 2020, WE’s former board chair, Michelle Douglas, noted that Craig Kielburger asked her to resign in March 2020 over her efforts to review the charity’s daily financial records in light of significant staff layoffs during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. Douglas said that she resigned because she could not carry out her oversight duties without access to financial data. In response, WE Charity officials said Michelle Douglas’ resignation was part of a planned turnover of the board.
Craig and Marc Kielburger testified about the CSSG contract to the House of Commons finance committee on 28 July 2020. They claimed that they would not have profited from the contract and that they did not use their connections to the Trudeau family to secure it.
Bill Morneau resigned as MP and finance minister on 17 August 2020. Federal Ethics Commissioner Mario Dion investigated the possible conflict of interest between Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, the We Charity and the CSSG program. On 13 May 2021, Dion cleared Prime Minister Trudeau of any wrongdoing. However, he concluded that Morneau had violated several sections of the Conflict of Interest Act by failing to recuse himself from decisions related to WE and by giving WE preferential treatment.
Amid the controversy, WE Charity announced plans to “refocus” its mission, simplify its programming and make structural and governance changes. On 9 September 2020, the Kielburgers revealed that they would close WE Charity in Canada and leave the organization at the end of that process. They cited the financial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and WE’s loss of sponsors amid the CSSG controversy.
Select Honours and Awards
- Meritorious Service Medal (civilian division), Governor General (1997)
- Golden Jubilee Medal (2002)
- Nelson Mandela Human Rights Award, CAW (2003)
- Honorary Doctor of Education, Nipissing University (2005)
- World Children’s Prize (2006)
- Member, Order of Canada (2006)
- Honorary Degree, University of Guelph (2007)
- Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Alberta (2011)
- Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Toronto (2011)
- Diamond Jubilee Medal (2012)
- Honorary Degree, Carleton University (2012)
- Honorary Doctor of Laws, Concordia University (2012)
- Honorary Doctor of Laws, York University (2013)
- Canada’s Walk of Fame (with Marc Kielburger) (2013)