Climatologist Morley Thomas, who was Canada's foremost authority on both the practical and scientific aspects of climatology, was born near St Thomas, Ont.
1948Death of Frederick Philip Grove
Frederick Philip Grove, whose The Master of the Mill is the first Canadian novel to explore the social effects of monopoly capitalism, died at Simcoe, Ont.
Canadian and British troops raided the French port of Dieppe to test German defences. The raid lasted only 9 hours, but of the nearly 5000 Canadian soldiers involved, more than 900 were killed and 1874 taken prisoner.
1812HMS <i>Guerrière</i> Sinks
The USS Constitution sank the HMS Guerrière. This Atlantic naval victory was a morale boost to the American public and Congress. This was one of 26 naval actions on the high seas during the War of 1812, half of which were American victories.
1814Sacking of Washington
Some 4,500 British soldiers landed at Benedict, Maryland and advanced on the American capital. British soldiers quickly overwhelmed the American defenders guarding Washington. The British proceeded to sack government buildings, setting fire to the US Capitol and White House. Americans destroyed the Washington Navy Yard to prevent ships and stores from falling into British hands.
1928Birth of Qaqaq Ashoona
Inuit sculptor Qaqaq Ashoona, whose sculpture is acclaimed for the sense of monumentality and strength he imparts to animal and human subjects alike, was born at Ikerrasak camp, south Baffin Island, NWT (now Nunavut).
1913Special Railway Fare for Prairie Harvesters
Railways offered a special fare of one cent per mile to the prairies for workers who would help bring in the anticipated record-breaking harvest. The demand was estimated at 40,000 extra harvesters, and thousands of young Canadians, many from the Maritimes, responded to the call.
1942Merritt Awarded Victoria Cross
Vancouver's Lieutenant-Colonel Cecil Merritt became the first Canadian in WWII to win the Victoria Cross, for his bravery during the Dieppe Raid. Taken prisoner, he spent the rest of the war in POW camps.
2003<i>Life of Pi</i> Released in French
The French translation of Man Booker Prize winner Yann Martels novel Life of Pi was released.
The first steamboat in Canada, the Accommodation, was launched at Montreal. Driven by two paddle wheels and powered by a steam engine, it heralded a new age and showed that Canadians could keep abreast of the latest technology.
2016De Grasse Finishes Olympics with Three Medals
At the 2016 Olympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, sprinter Andre De Grasse won three medals. The Markham, Ontario native took home silver in the 200 m, finishing behind the great Jamaican runner Usain Bolt, and bronze in the 100 m, behind Bolt and American Justin Gatlin. De Grasse also won a second bronze as a member of the 4x100 m relay team.