An expedition of about 100, commanded by Pierre de Troyes and Iberville, reached James Bay, seizing Moose Fort, Rupert House (3 July) and Albany (26 July).
1967National Library Opens
PM Pearson opened the National Library and Archives Building in Ottawa.
1822Law Society Founded
The Law Society of Upper Canada was incorporated.
1837Queen Victoria Crowned
On the death of William IV, Queen Victoria succeeded to the British throne.
1882Conservatives Retain Power 1882
In the federal election, the Conservatives retained power, winning 139 seats to the Liberals' 71. Macdonald remained prime minister.
The Edwards-Beaudoin Committee recommended a regional veto, and unanimous consent for changes involving the monarch, language and resources. All other changes would require the consent of Ottawa, Ontario, Québec, 2 Western and 2 Atlantic provinces.
1830Birth of William Canniff
Physician William Canniff, who produced the first Canadian textbook in pathology and founded the Canadian Medical Association and the Ontario Medical Association, was born at Thurlow, Upper Canada.
1942Japanese Shell BC Coast
A Japanese submarine fired a few shells at Estevan Point on Vancouver Island, with no damage.
1976Pilots and Air-traffic Strike
Pilots and air-traffic controllers went on strike over bilingualism at Québec airports.
1986Jean Drapeau Resigns
Jean Drapeau tearfully resigned as mayor of Montréal.
1916Birth of Jean-Jacques Bertrand
Premier of Québec Jean-Jacques Bertrand, an ardent nationalist and defender of Québec rights, was born at Ste-Agathe-des-Monts, Qué.
1945Birth of Anne Murray
Anne Murray, whose renditions of songs such as "Snowbird" made her one of the first Canadian popular musicians to enjoy international fame, was born in Springhill, NS.
1984National Order of Québec Created
The National Order of Québec was created.
1812President Madison Declares War
Unaware of the British decision to suspend orders-in-council against neutral shipping, President Madison signed a declaration of war against Britain.
1877Fire Destroys Saint John
Fire destroyed a large area of Saint John, NB. It destroyed most of the wharf-side structures, the schooners docked in the slip and much of the city core. Eleven lives were lost.
1995Drunkenness Defence Bill
The House of Commons approved a bill to prevent suspects accused of assault from using drunkenness as a defence.
1771Birth of Lord Selkirk
Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, was born in St. Mary’s Isle, Scotland. Lord Selkirk and his family received a land grant from the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1811 for roughly 300,400 km2 in Assiniboia, part of what is now Manitoba. An advance party, sent under Miles Macdonell, established the Red River Colony in 1812.
2006<i>Harlem Duet</i> debuts at Stratford
Djanet Sears' Harlem Duet debuted at the Stratford Festival. It was the first play produced by an African-Canadian and performed by an all-Black cast in the festival's history.
1854Stanislas Poirier (Perry) elected to the PEI Assembly
Stanislas-François Poirier (Perry) became the first Acadian elected to the House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island. Twenty years later, in 1874, he became the first Acadian Member of Parliament.
1991Bill 150 Passed
Robert Bourassas government passes Bill 150, also known as an Act respecting the process for determining the political and constitutional future of Québec.