The Quebec Act was passed (effective 1 May 1775); it established French civil law, British criminal law, freedom of worship for Roman Catholics and government by appointed council. It extended the boundaries of the province to the Ohio Valley.
1956Birth of Blake Debassige
Ojibwa artist Blake Debassige, who developed a "visual language" to express both personal experiences and traditional values of continuing relevance, was born at West Bay, Ont.
1792Spanish Sight Vancouver
Spanish explorers Alcalà-Galiano and Valdés sighted George Vancouver's ships Discovery and Chatham near present-day Vancouver. Each side was mortified to discover its major competitor.
1934Honoré Mercier Bridge
The Honoré Mercier Bridge over the St Lawrence River was inaugurated. It united the city of LaSalle to the Caughnawaga Reserve (now Kahnawake).
1980Kateri Tekakwitha Beatified
Kateri Tekakwitha, a Mohawk, was the first North American Indian to be beatified.
1924Birth of John Kerwin
Physicist John Kerwin, the first French Canadian to specialize in atomic physics and be appointed president of the National Research Council, was born at Québec City.
1813Laura Secord Warns British
Laura Secord overheard American officers talking about their plans of attack and walked 30 km to warn the British commander. Two days later Britain's Native allies ambushed the Americans at Beaver Dams.
1900Joly De Lotbinière Appointed BC's Lieutenant-Governor
The Honourable Sir Henry Gustave Joly De Lotbinière was installed as BC's 7th lieutenant-governor.
1993Canada Joins UN Observer Mission Operation Lance
Canada joined the UN observer mission in Uganda and Rwanda. Known as Operation Lance, the mission involved monitoring the border between the two countries for illegal military assistance entering Rwanda. During the mission, approximately 800,000 people were killed in what is known as the Rwandan genocide.
The NHL rival World Hockey Association folded. Winnipeg, Québec, Hartford and the Edmonton Oilers were taken into the NHL.
1960Liberals Win Québec
The Liberals under Jean Lesage won the Québec provincial election, finally breaking the hold of the Union Nationale, and signalling a time for change and reform that has become known as the Quiet Revolution. Lesage was sworn in as premier on 5 Jul.
2006Chinese Head Tax Apology
Under much community pressure, Prime Minister Stephen Harper offered an apology to the Chinese community for the implementation of the head tax, which had been originally introduced in 1885. An official directive made in Parliament ordered compensation for the head tax of approximately $20,000 to be paid to survivors or their spouses.
1807The <i>Chesapeake</i>-<i>Leopard</i> Affair
British frigate HMS Leopard attacked USS Chesapeake looking for British-born sailors. British crew boarded the American ship and forced one sailor into service with the Royal Navy. The incident brought American outrage against forced service in the British navy to a peak and became a major factor in the declaration of war.
1813Laura Secord's Walk
Upper Canadian Loyalist Laura Secord overheard American troops stationed at Fort George talk of an impending American advance and trekked 30 km to warn British commander Lieutenant James FitzGibbon of an impending attack by Americans based at Fort George.
2016Toronto Police Express Regret for Bathhouse Raids
Toronto police chief Mark Saunders publicly expressed "regret" on behalf of his force for the 1981 bathhouse raids. On 5 February of that year, Toronto police officers arrested about 300 gay men on charges of being found in a common bawdy house or keeping a common bawdy house. Most of the charges were dropped, but the raids further persecuted and marginalized a group whose rights were largely unprotected in Canadian society of the time. They also spurred a new era of political activism in the city’s LGBT community.
2015More Charges Laid in Lac-Mégantic Oil Train Explosion
Six former employees of the Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway were charged under the Railway Safety Act and Fisheries Act for their role in the 6 July 2013 oil train crash that killed 47 people in the town of Lac-Mégantic, Québec. The charges were laid almost a year after three employees faced charges of criminal negligence in connection with the disaster.
1864Great Coalition Formed
The Great Coalition was formed. Reform leader George Brown joined a coalition with John A. Macdonald's Conservatives and George-Étienne Cartier's Bleus, starting the process of Confederation in the Province of Canada. The ministers of the Great Coalition were sworn in on June 30.