McMaster University was founded in Toronto by the union of Woodstock College and the Toronto Baptist College.
1897Birth of Lester Bowles Pearson
Lester Bowles Pearson, statesman, only Canadian to win Nobel Peace Prize, was born at Newtonbrook, Ont.
2016Death of Madeleine Sherwood
Montréal-born actor Madeleine Sherwood died in Saint-Hippolyte, Québec, at age 93. Sherwood had a long career in the United States, performing in Broadway shows, plays by Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams, and the 1960s TV series The Flying Nun. A civil rights activist, she was blacklisted for a time in the 1950s, during the McCarthy era, and was arrested for participating in a Freedom Walk in Alabama in 1963. She returned to Canada later in life.
1956Canadian Labour Congress
At a Toronto convention, the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada merged with the Canadian Congress of Labour to form the Canadian Labour Congress, as of May 1.
1918Birth of Margaret Avison
Poet Margaret Avison was born in Galt [Cambridge], Ont.
1999New Human Ancestor Found
Paleontologists announced that they had discovered a fossil skull in Ethiopia that belonged to a previously unknown species of human ancestor.
1905Death of Gédéon Ouimet
Gédéon Ouimet, premier of Québec from 1873-1874, died at Saint-Hilaire, Québec.
1935Riot Act Read in Victory Square
Vancouver's mayor Gerry McGeer read the Riot Act in Victory Square to disperse a large
crowd of protesting unemployed.
2015Death of Pierre Claude Nolin
Senate Speaker Pierre Claude Nolin died at the age of 64. The long-serving Tory was a key strategist behind Conservative gains in Québec during the 1980s and 1990s. Described by former prime minister Brian Mulroney as "a man of uncommon integrity," Nolin did not hesitate to defend his positions on policy issues when they did not fall in line with his party's. Toward the end of his life, he dedicated his efforts as Speaker to initiating Senate reform.
1999Court Rules on Aboriginal Sentencing
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the lower courts should apply traditional disciplinary practices when sentencing Indigenous persons found guilty of criminal offences.
1923Toronto Symphony Orchestra Formed
The New Symphony Orchestra, now Toronto Symphony Orchestra, gave its first concert at Massey Hall under the direction of Luigi von Kunits.
2015Journey to Freedom Day Act
The Parliament of Canada passed the Journey to Freedom Day Act, establishing 30 April as a national day of commemoration of the exodus of Vietnamese refugees and their acceptance in Canada after the fall of Saigon and the end of the Vietnam War.