Ursula Martius Franklin, CC, OOnt, FRSC, physicist, educator (born 16 September 1921 in Munich, Germany; died 22 July 2016 in Toronto, ON). A specialist in the structure of metals and alloys, she pioneered the development of archaeometry, which applies the modern techniques of materials analysis to ARCHAEOLOGY. She was educated at the Technical U of Berlin and did postdoctoral studies at U of T. After working for the Ontario Research Foundation 1952-67, she joined U of T's department of metallurgy and materials science in 1967.

Franklin has helped develop science policy through the Science Council of Canada and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. She worked on gathering and analysing data on the strontium-90 accumulation in the teeth of children in Canada as a result of fallout from tests of nuclear weapons; the dating of copper, bronze, metal and ceramic artifacts of prehistoric cultures in Canada and elsewhere; and she has tried to educate society and scientists to the impact of science and technology on human survival and quality of life. She is a tireless advocate for Science for Peace.

Her work has received worldwide recognition and brought her many honours. These include a Doctor of Science from Queen's (1985) and a Doctor of Humane Letters from Mount Saint Vincent (1985), and in 1992 she was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. In 1984 Franklin became the first woman to be named a University Professor at U of T.