History and Economy
Attracted by the rich fishing grounds, the first French settlers arrived about 1750. Acadian refugees, Quebec fishermen and English-speaking traders followed. From 1837 to 1939 the Jersey-based Robin fishing company dominated the economy. Local industry still depends on Caraquet’s harbour.
A centre of Acadian religion and culture, in 1875 there were riots in Caraquet when the government threatened to stop funding the convent school. The Sacré Coeur College, operating here from 1899 to 1915, hosted the Acadian Convention of 1905. The headquarters of the Acadian Federation of Caisses Populaires and the Acadian Museum are in Caraquet. The Acadian Historical Village is just outside the town. The Festival Acadian attracts the best Acadian composers and performers. Caraquet is also home to one of New Brunswick's professional French-language theatre companies, Théâtre Populaire d'Acadie.