Baseball player George "Mooney" Gibson, who was named Canada's baseball player of the half century and the first baseball player elected to Canada's Sports Hall of Fame, was born London, Ont.
1963B&B Commission Formed
The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism was announced, to be chaired by André Laurendeau and Arnold Davidson Dunton.
1793Mackenzie Inscribes Rock
Two days after becoming the first explorer to reach the Pacific Ocean by land Alexander Mackenzie wrote an inscription on a rock at Bella Coola, "Alexander Mackenzie, from Canada by land, 22nd July, 1793."
1796The Maroons Land at Halifax
A group of 600 freedom-fighters landed at Halifax. These immigrants, called Maroons, came from a Jamaican community of escaped slaves who had guarded their freedom for more than a century and fought off countless attempts to re-enslave them.
1820Birth of Sir Oliver Mowat
Politician Sir Oliver Mowat was born in Kingston, Upper Canada. Mowat played an instrumental role in Confederation, participating in the Québec Conference of 1864 and setting the stage for the decentralization of power. Though not a chief architect of Confederation, Mowat mounted a campaign that spanned a quarter-century to help define Canada’s constitution.
1904Birth of Donald Hebb
Psychologist Donald Hebb, whose studies of development showed the importance of environmental stimulation in early childhood, was born at Chester, NS.
2013Birth of Prince George Alexander Louis
His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge was born in London, UK, to Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and Prince William. He is the third great-grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II.
The Nova Scotia government acknowledged responsibility for the 1992 explosion at the Westray mine in Plymouth, NS. Former premier Donald Cameron had blamed the miners.
1947Canada's First Nuclear Reactors
The NRX reactor, the ancestor of Canada's unique CANDU reactors, "went critical" at Chalk River, Ont. The NRX was based on Canada's first nuclear reactor, ZEEP (1 watt of power), which was built at Chalk River in 1945.
About 10 000 postal workers in Ontario, Québec and BC struck for higher wages.
1814Second Treaty of Greenville
A peace treaty was signed between the US and the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanee, Miami and Potawatomi residing within Ohio, Indiana and Michigan.
The RCMP ship St. Roch left Halifax to return to Vancouver by the Northwest Passage; the trip was completed 86 days later.
1945Birth of Michael Burgess
Tenor Michael Burgess was born in Regina, Saskatchewan. Famed for his portrayal of Jean Valjean in the successful Canadian production of Les Misérables, Burgess was also beloved by Canadian audiences for his performance of O Canada at major-league sporting events.