Newspaper publisher and philanthropist William Southam was born near Montréal. In 1877, Southam and his partner took over the failing Hamilton Spectator, turning its fortunes around. Southam Inc. would eventually acquire the Ottawa Citizen, Calgary Herald and Windsor Star, among other media and broadcasting outlets.
1893Birth of Sir Ernest MacMillan
Conductor Sir Ernest MacMillan, who was internationally known as a conductor of symphonic and choral music and a leading figure in Canadian musical organizations, was born at Mimico [Etobicoke], Ont.
1909Birth of Gérard Filion
Publisher Gérard Filion, who, by championing the modernization of Québec society at all levels, helped redefine traditional French Canadian nationalism, was born on Isle-Verte, Qué.
1995Gustafsen Lake Standoff Begins
A tense standoff between RCMP and armed Ts'peten Defenders at Gustafsen Lake, BC, began when Ts’peten Defenders fired at Emergency Response Team officers of the RCMP. Aboriginal occupiers believed that the privately-owned ranch land on which they made their stand was a sacred place and part of a larger tract of unceded Shuswap territory.
1885Death of Sir Francis Hincks
Colonial administrator Sir Francis Hincks died in Montréal. Hincks was a proponent of responsible government and served as joint premier of the Province of Canada (1851–54). He spent several years governing two Caribbean colonies before returning to Canada to join Sir John A. Macdonald’s first government.
1914First Internment Camp for “Enemy Aliens”
The first internment camp for “enemy aliens,” meaning people residing in Canada who were born in enemy countries, opened in Fort Henry, ON. Those interned were people of Ukrainian descent (forming the majority of internees), as well as people of German, Turkish, Austro-Hungarian and Bulgarian origin.
1634Champlains Last Words
Champlain wrote to Richelieu, his last words on record, reporting that he had rebuilt the ruins of Québec and had built an armed trading post at Trois-Rivières. He also noted that several new families had arrived in the area, giving him renewed hope for the survival of settlement in the area.
1979Dempster Highway Opens
The Dempster Highway officially opened in Flat Creek, Yukon. The first all-weather road to cross the Arctic Circle took 20 years to build and required the assistance of the Canadian Forces.
Edwin Larwill had some support for his segregationist views, even against Reverend William King's proposal to establish the Elgin Settlement. Larwill challenged King to a debate on the proposal. He misjudged his audience and lost support with his extreme views. The debate was a turning point in the history of race relations in Canada.
1922Birth of Joseph Shoctor
Joseph Shoctor, founder of Edmonton's Citadel Theatre, was born at Edmonton.
2016Erica Wiebe Wins Gold at Rio Olympics
First-time Olympian Erica Wiebe of Stittsville, Ontario, won gold in women’s 75 kg freestyle wrestling at the Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was Canada’s third ever Olympic gold medal in the sport.